Companies Concerned


Companies producing PLA for Bioplastic

Company Production Remarks
1 ADM (US)
2 Cargill Dow Polymers LLC (CDP) Cargill-Dow has constructed a plant in Nebraska, USA that will produce 140,000 tons of PLA annually.Produces PLA from maize. Cargill and Dow formed in 1997 and continued the development of NatureWorks, a PLA made from corn. Cargill Dow recently opened a facility in Blair, Neb., which will produce more than 300 million pounds of NatureWorks PLA annually.
3 Cargill teaming up with Japan-based Teijin To Produce PLA
4 DuPont and Plantic alliance
5 Galactic (Belgium) Europe, BE1,650 t/a Started in 2009
6 HiSun Asia, CN5,500 t/a Started in 2006
7 Kobe steel Limited (Japan) It has perfected a low-cost continuous process for manufacture of biodegradable polymer – poly-2-lactic acid (PLLA).
8 Mitsui Chemicals (Japan)
9 NatureWorks LLC(USA) –Cargill subsidiary NatureWorks, Minnetonka, Minn. Produces PLA from corn starch.The company has 1,40,000 tons/year of capacity, all at Its Blair, NE location, and is assessing locations for a second plant, potentially in Asia. The company started up the Blair site in 2002, the world’s first and still the world’s largest bioplastics plant. PLA is a high-clarity bio-polyester derived from fermented corn starch. The company produces PLA-based resin, trade-named lngeo, from sugar in about 20 different grades.PLA can be made into a wide variety of products from film and bottles to textiles. Wal-Mart switched to PLA packaging for its fruit and herbs in 2005.
10 P.T. Toyota Bio Indonesia PLA (Toyota Eco Plastic) used for automotive applications.
11 Planet Technologies, USA Biodegradable “enviroplastic” is developed which will be used for cosmetic, medical disposables, food service, and personal hygiene product industries.
12 PURAC Biomaterials (The Netherlands) (U.S. office near Chicago) Since 2009, PURAC has been producing lactides D and L – monomers for PLA production at a plant in Spain with a production capacity of several thousand tons. In March 2010, PURAC began construction on a 75,000-ton/year lactide plant at their production site in Thailand (Rayong Province). Market leaderThe primary producer of PDLLA100,000 t/a (2007)5,000 t/a (2006)75,000 t/a (2012)Purac produces lactic acid and lactide as an end product, and sells it to clients such as Synbra which uses it to make PLA foam (Biofoam).Lactic acid producer that blends different isomers of PLA to produce specialty grades such as Purasorb medical resins and high-heat grades for microwave or hot-fill packaging.
13 Purac has “research and business development partnership” with Swedish speciality chemicals company Perstorp Puralactr brand of renewable caprolactone lactide co-product.
14 Shimadzu Corp. Japan It has perfected a low-cost continuous process for manufacture of biodegradable polymer – poly-2-lactic acid (PLLA).
15 Tong-Jie-Lang Asia, CN (100 t/a) Started in 2007
16 Toray Industries $9-million plant in South Korea to produce PLA. Annual capacity is 5,000 metric tons a year.
17 Total Petrochemicals and Galactic Escanaffles as the joint-venture in Belgium Produces 1,500 tonnes of polylactic acid (PLA) a year.The plant will be based at Galactic Escanaffles site, near Tournai, Belgium. Used for packaging

Pyramid Bioplastics Guben GmbH, a Partnersship between Pyramid Technologies Ltd of Zug in Switzerland and the German company Bioplastics GmbH of Guben, plan to construct and operate a plant for the production of the biopolymer PLA in Guben in the East of Germany.

The construction work on the first part of the plant, which will go into operation in the second half of 2009, is already in full swing. The first project phase will see the installation of a total plant capacity of 60,000 tonnes per annum by 2012.

The company already has orders on hand from committed customers for more than 40,000 tonnes of the 60,000 tonnes per annum that will be available from the first phase.

The investment for the construction of the plant and equipment currently planned will be around 96 million Euros. By the end of 2011 Pyramid Bioplastics in Guben expect to have created about 85 permanent jobs and 30 training places.

Companies using PLA for Bioplastic

Company / Organization / Brand Applications
1 Biax International Inc., Tiverton, Ont. Make biaxially oriented PLA sheet that is commercial in applications like prepaid phone cards and gift cards and hotel key cards, where it replaces PVC Sheet for such cards.
2 Biophan ® crystal-clear PLA film from Treofan GmbH for food packaging
3 BIOTA (Blame It On The Altitude) water bottles (Naturworks PLA)
4 Coop Box (Italy) Make PLA foam in Europe. PLA can be foamed to the same density as PS foam, and with comparable cell size and surface quality.
5 Earthfirst ® PLA film for various applicationsClear oxide barrier coating on PLA film for oxygen-sensitive packaging
6 Fujitsu using a PLA hybrid developed by Toray Industries to make the housing for its FMV-BIBLO notebook PC series
7 Mitsubishi Plastics manufacturing plastic film and sheets from PLA
8 NaturalIowa, USA Milk bottles (Natureworks PLA)PLA bottles in the German drugstore IhrPlatz (drinking water)
9 NEC Using a PLA composite with kenaf fibers for laptop computer cases.PLA with Kenaf fibers can also be used for mobile phone housing
10 Pioneer Corporation (Japan) Totally degradable when composted DVD with 25 GB storage capacity. This biodisk, which is 1.2 mm thick, has a 1.1 mm substrate layer being made of a cornstarch derived material. This may also have cost advantages, as cornstarch substrate is a cheaper material than the non-biodegradable polycarbonate resins that are currently used.
11 Plastic Suppliers Inc., Columbus, Ohio PLA is used by extruders like Plastic Suppliers Inc., Columbus, Ohio, to make blown film for lamination, hygienic films, and packaging.
12 Retailers like Auchan in France PLA for various food packaging
13 Retailers like Delhaize in Belgium PLA for various food packaging
14 Sanyo Mavic Media Co Ltd, a subsidiary of Sanyo Electric Co, Ltd,Developed jointly by Mitsui Chemicals Inc. and Sanyo Mavic Media, Introduced the world’s first biodegradable compact disc based on polylactic acid (PLA). The case and packaging are also made from the same material. The disks, marketed under the name MildDisc, are virtually indistinguishable from conventional disks made of polycarbonate with no change in sound or picture quality. Worldwide demand of 10 billion discs is the targeted market.
15 Sony Corp. and Mitsubishi Plastics Inc. Have also used PLA in front panel of DVD player.
16 Toyota Eco-Plastic combines kenaf with PLA for use in door interiors
17 Treofan Group in Raunheim, Germany Make biaxially oriented PLA sheet that is commercial in applications like prepaid phone cards and gift cards and hotel key cards, where it replaces PVC Sheet for such cards.
18 Wal-Mart, Ford, Sony, Samsung and Toyota
19 Wild Oats Markets Inc, a leading natural and organic foods retailer, They are replacing their traditional plastic dell containers with containers made from NatureWorks PLA. The PLA containers will be used to package cold dell items such as fruit, pasta, salad and cheese.
20 Wilkinson Industries Inc., Omaha, Neb., is the biggest producer, making trays for Wal-Mart.
21 Wilkinson Manufacturing is the first producer in North America To make thermoformed food containers from PLA.Manufactures DisplayPie[TM], Just Fresh[TM] and PartiPak[TM] packages using 100% NatureWorks.



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